One of the most notable features of Ubuntu and GNU / Linux in general is surely the variety of distributions we have at our disposal. In fact, many of them are based on some more well-known distro, such as Ubuntu and its well-known official flavors.
There are a variety of Ubuntu-based distributions, which, as we have said, are called official flavors. From distros with highly customizable desktops, such as Kubuntu, to distros aimed at consuming few resources and running lightly on our PC, as is the case with Lubuntu. In Ubunlog we want to review all the official flavors of Ubuntu and tell you how we can get them.
As you can see, the characteristics of each flavor vary depending on the characteristics of the machine and the user who will use this distribution. In all the little reviews we will do of each distro, we will talk about how and where we can download the ISO images of each distribution.
So if you don’t know how to burn an image to a storage device, you can take a look at this post we wrote a few weeks ago explaining how to do it in Ubuntu. Let’s start.
Computer education also begins in school. For this reason, there is an official taste aimed at being used mostly in schools. One of the premises of this distribution, based entirely on the concept of Free Software, is that knowledge and learning should always be available to anyone who wants to grow as a person and improve the world around them.
To install Edubuntu on our PCs we can do it in two ways. If you want to install Edubuntu on a machine that already has Ubuntu installed, just install one of these packages either from the Synaptic Package Manager or directly from the terminal by running the command:
sudo apt-get install package_name
The package we have to install depends on the course you are going to use Edubuntu. The list of packages is as follows:
- ubuntu-edu-preschool for kindergartens.
- ubuntu-educa-primary for Primary.
- ubuntu-educa-secondary for Secondary.
- ubuntu-educa-Tertiary for the University.
If we do not have Ubuntu installed on our machine, we can download the distro image from here, Depending on the architecture of our PC.
This distro is perhaps one of the most widely used and well-known official flavors of Ubuntu. As its name suggests this distro uses GNOME as a desktop environment. If you want to see how this distro looks on a PC, in Ubunlog we dedicate an entry to this distro and my personal experience with it. This distro stands out for its great customization capability and its increasingly minimalist and elegant style.
To download the image we can do it from its official website. If you already have any other Ubuntu flavors installed on your computer, you can install Ubuntu GNOME by running the following command:
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-gnome-desktop
Additionally, if you want to remove unnecessary Ubuntu packages, you can do so by running:
sudo apt-get purge ubuntu-default-settings
sudo apt-get purge ubuntu-desktop
sudo apt-get autoremove
While Ubuntu with GNOME is one of the most well-known and customizable distros, Kubuntu, the taste that uses KDE Plasma 5 as a desktop environment, is not far behind. This layout also has a very sleek design and more is incredibly customizable.
If you want to install this official taste on your PC you can download its ISO image from here. Again, if you already have Ubuntu installed, you can install Kubuntu by running the following commands:
sudo apt-get install kubuntu-desktop
You can also remove packages that will no longer be needed by running the commands described in the Ubuntu GNOME section.
Anyway, if you want a much more detailed tutorial on how to install this official taste, we recommend you read this post we wrote when Kubuntu 15.04 came out.
This distribution is, at least for me, something peculiar. And is that Ubuntu Kylin is aimed at being used only in China and meet the needs that may have the people of that country. If you read us from China and can’t wait to install this official taste, you can download here.
If your PC is old or does not have very optimal features, Lubuntu is your solution. This official taste is aimed at having a very light operation as it consumes very few resources. All thanks to the lightweight applications it uses and its LXDE (Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment) desktop.
This official taste is able to run smoothly on machines that only have a RAM of 256 to 384 MB. So if you need a lightweight operating system for your PC that does not have many resources or just want to try the minimalist design of this official taste, you can download Lubuntu here.
If you already have any official taste of Ubuntu, you can install Lubuntu directly from the terminal by installing the corresponding Lubuntu package. To do this, run the following command:
its pat-get install Lubuntu-desktop
You can also install the package Lubuntu desktop looking for it in the Synaptic package manager.
This official taste is aimed at establishing a system based on MythTV, a completely free digital video recorder under the GNU GPL license. Mythubuntu is designed to precisely integrate it with an existing MythTV network. Also, as they point out on their official site, the Mythubuntu architecture allows for simple conversions from a standard Ubuntu desktop to Mythbuntu and vice versa. To install you can access this link. If you already have Ubuntu installed on your computer, you can search for Mythbuntu directly in the Ubuntu Software Manager and proceed with the installation.
If you work in any field related to the creation or editing of multimedia, whether music, image, video, graphic design … This is the official taste of Ubuntu ideal. This distro has pre-installed numerous free multimedia applications aimed precisely at editing and creating multimedia content. One of the aims of this flavor is to bring the world of GNU / Linux closer to all those engaged in the multimedia sector. It also aims to be as easy to install and use as possible so that it is really accessible to anyone.
You can download the ISO image of this official taste from here.
Xubuntu is the official flavor of Ubuntu that uses XFCE as a desktop environment, which like LXDE, is a very lightweight environment. Xubuntu is a sleek, easy-to-use and highly customizable distro. It is the perfect distribution for those who want to get the most out of their desktops with one look modern and with the necessary characteristics to have a really optimal operation.
To get Xubuntu, you can do it from this link, In which you can choose for which type of machine you want to download this official taste.
If you already have Ubuntu installed on your PCs, you can install Xubuntu by installing the appropriate package. To do this, run the following command:
sudo apt-get install xubuntu-desktop
If you want to know in more detail the features of this distribution, you can take a look at the entry we wrote in Ubunlog when its latest version saw the light.
Another of the environments that always give to speak (in the good sense) is MAT. If you prefer to use the traditional Ubuntu desktop, then this is your official taste. In addition, the hardware requirements are not very demanding, but are rather modest, as the minimum you need to run the latest version of this distribution are 512 MB of RAM, 8 GB of hard drive and a processor of the Pentium III family.
If you feel like installing this official flavor, you can download it from yours official page. As always, you can also install it from Ubuntu if you already have it installed.
We must first add the Ubuntu Mate repositories to our Ubuntu by running the following commands:
sudo apt-add-repository ppa: ubuntu-mat-dev / ppa
sudo apt-add-repository ppa: ubuntu-mat-dev / trusty-mat
Then we update packages:
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade
And finally we installed the environment with:
sudo apt-get install -no-install-recommends ubuntu-mat-core ubuntu-mat-desktop
You can follow this Ubuntu MAT installation guide that we posted on Ubunlog a couple of months ago.
In short, we hope that this entry from Ubunlog has served you and that you can now have it easier to decide what official taste of Ubuntu to install on your PC