Continuing with our tutorials to install the flavors of Ubuntu, today we have to do what it explains how to install Xubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus. Xubuntu uses Xfce graphical environment, which means it is an agile operating system as well as highly customizable. Which computers would I recommend Xubuntu for? Well, for computers with limited resources, but not so much that you can’t install an operating system that allows you to make changes.
I have to admit that the Xubuntu image seems very basic to me, in a way similar to Lubuntu, But unlike the LXDE version, you can make many changes easily as we would in the Ubuntu MAT that I like so much. As we have done in other articles, we will also recommend a couple of things so that you can configure your operating system as you like.
Preliminary steps and requirements
As always, let’s detail some previous steps that are worth doing and what it will take to install Xubuntu or any other Ubuntu-based distribution:
- Although there is usually no problem, it is recommended to make a backup of all important data for what may happen.
- You will need a Pendrive 8G USB (Persistent), 2 GB (Live only) or a DVD to create bootable USB or Live DVD from where we will install the system.
- If you choose the recommended option to create a bootable USB, in our article How to create a bootable USB from Ubuntu from Mac and Windows you have several options that explain how to create it.
- If you haven’t done so before, you’ll need to enter the Bios and change the order of boot units. It is recommended that you first read the USB, then the CD and then the hard drive (Floppy).
- To be safe, connect your computer to cable and not Wi-Fi. I always say this, but it’s because my computer isn’t properly connected to Wi-Fi until I make some modifications to it. If I do not connect it with the cable, I get an error when downloading the packages while performing the installation.
How to install Xubuntu 16.04
Unlike other distributions, when booting from bootable DVD / USB with Xubuntu 16.04, we will see that it enters directly ubiquity (The installation program). If you want to test the system, just close the installation window, which I did to be able to take screenshots. Also remember that a screen may appear asking us to connect to the internet if we are not. The installation process is as follows:
- Select the language and click “Continue”.
- In the next window, I always recommend checking both boxes because if we don’t, when we start the system we will have to update and there may be things that don’t work, such as support for our language. Check the two boxes and click “Continue”.
- The third window is where we will choose what type of installation we want:
- update. If we had an earlier version, we can upgrade.
- Remove Ubuntu and reinstall. This can be an option if we also have another partition with Windows, so the installation will be done on our partition for Linux and will not touch the others.
- Erase disk and install. If we have multiple partitions and want to delete everything to have only Xubuntu 16.04, this should be our choice.
- more options. This option will not allow you to create, resize and delete partitions, which may come in handy if we want to create multiple partitions (such as / home or / boot) for our Linux.
- Once you have chosen the type of installation, click on “Install now”.
- We accept the notice by clicking “Continue”.
- We choose our time zone and click on “Continue”.
- We choose our language and click on “Continue”. If we do not know the layout of our keyboard, we can click on “Detect keyboard layout” and type in the box to check that everything is correct.
- In the next window, we will put our username, computer name and password. Then we click on “Continue”.
- We hope.
- And finally, we restart the computer.
What to do after installing Xubuntu 16.04
Install and uninstall packages
For me, this is a rule. All operating systems come with software we will never use. Why do we want a lightweight system if we are going to saturate it? It is best to drop ballast. To do this, we open the menu (top left) and look for “software” to access the Xubuntu Software Center, where we will see the packages we have installed and check if we want to uninstall any. As for the packages we will install, below are some personal recommendations that are almost the same as I recommended at the time for Ubuntu MAT:
- Synaptic. Package manager.
- Shutter. An advanced tool for taking screenshots and editing them later.
- GIMP. I think there are too many presentations. The most widely used “Photoshop” in Linux.
- qbittorrent. BitTorrent network client.
- Code. The media player formerly known as XBMC.
- UNetbootin. To create Live USBs.
- GParted. The tool to format, resize and ultimately manage partitions that I do not understand how it is not installed here or in other distributions.
- redshift. Removes blue tones to help us sleep at night.
- Clementine. An Amarok-based audio player, but more streamlined.
Add custom launchers
It’s also a maxim for me. The start menus would have nothing wrong if we didn’t have to take a walk before clicking on the app we want to run. If we have to access a specific one several times a day, this walk takes us a long time, so it is worth creating atos. For example, we go to the start menu and instead of clicking on the application we want to launch, we right-click and choose “Add to panel”. If they are not in the position we want, as is the case in the previous capture, we secondary click on them and drag them. If we can’t because there are other icons blocking our path, we right-click on those icons, uncheck the box that says “Lock in panel,” and now we move it.
The menu you see in the screenshot above is what we see when we right-click on the top panel. If we want to add new items, such as a shortcut for the command “xkill” (which I used while writing this post) to close any rebellious application, we will do so by right-clicking and choosing Panel / Add new items …
Did you install Xubuntu 16.04? What do you think?